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Unit 80 A friend of mine / My own house / By myself

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Topic Icon Unit 80 A friend of mine / My own house / By myself

Bài gửi by okmama on Thu Nov 25, 2010 8:27 pm

A ----------
a friend of mine / a friend of Tom's, etc.
----- ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- -----
(부)정관사(a/an/the), this, that, some, any, no 등과 같이 쓸 때 소유격은 of 뒤에 놓습니다. - 이중소유격
that big house of John's
It is no fault of the doctor's.
----- ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- -----
a friend of mine/yours/his/hers/ours/theirs :
I'm going to a wedding on Saturday. A friend of mine is getting married. (a friend of me 가 아닙니다)
We went on a trip with some friends of ours. (some friends of us 가 아닙니다)
Michael had an argument with a neighbor of his.
That was a good idea of yours to go swimming this afternoon.
a friend of Tom's / of my sister's :
It was a good idea of Tom's to go swimming.
That woman over there is a friend of my sister's.
B ----------
my own ... / your own ..., etc. :
one's own + 명사 : 빌린 것이나 같이 공유하는 것이 아닌 자신 만의 것.
my own house, your own car, her own room (an own house, an own car 가 아닙니다)
I don't want to share a room with anybody. I want my own room.
Vicky and George would like to have their own house. (an own house 가 아닙니다)
It's a shame that the apartment doesn't have its own parking space.
It's my own fault that I don't have any money. I buy too many things I don't need.
Why do you want to borrow my car? Why don't you use your own? (= your own car)
(one's own 다음에 나오는 명사가 반복이 되는 경우에는 생략할 수 있습니다)
one's own + 명사 : 남을 시켜서 하는 대신에 자신 스스로가 하는 것.
Bill usually cuts his own hair. (= he cuts it himself; he doesn't go to a barber)
(이발소에 가지 않고 스스로 자신의 머리를 자름)
I'd like to have a garden so that I could grow my own vegetables. (= grow them myself instead of buying them in stores)
(야채를 사지 않고 스스로 키움)
on my own / on your own, etc. :
on one's own : 남에게 의존하지 않고, 독립적으로, 도움을 받지 않고,
Are your children living on their own? (= living in their own place and supporting themselves)
Michelle traveled around Japan on her own. (= nobody helped her)
I can do that job on my own. (= I don't need anyone's help)
C ----------
by myself / by yourself, etc. :
by oneself = alone, without other people (혼자서, 다른 사람없이)
"Di you go to Hawaii by yourself?" "No, I went with a friend."
Jack was sitting by himself in a corner of the cafe.
Student drivers are not allowed to drive by themselves.
비교:
by oneself 는 on one's own 과는 다릅니다.
I live by myself. (= I live alone.)
(혼자서 삽니다. : 경제적으로 누구한테 도움을 받을 수도 있습니다)
He lives on his own with a roommate. (= independently, but not alone)
(혼자의 힘으로 삽니다: 경제적으로 독립했습니다)
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